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s    : ['ɛs]
S \S\ ([e^]s),
the nineteenth letter of the English alphabet, is a
consonant, and is often called a sibilant, in allusion to its
hissing sound. It has two principal sounds; one a mere
hissing, as in sack, this; the other a vocal hissing (the
same as that of z), as in is, wise. Besides these it
sometimes has the sounds of sh and zh, as in sure, measure.
It generally has its hissing sound at the beginning of words,
but in the middle and at the end of words its sound is
determined by usage. In a few words it is silent, as in isle,
d['e]bris. With the letter h it forms the digraph sh. See
Guide to pronunciation, [sect][sect] 255-261.
[1913 Webster]

Note: Both the form and the name of the letter S are derived
from the Latin, which got the letter through the Greek
from the Phoenician. The ultimate origin is Egyptian. S
is etymologically most nearly related to c, z, t, and
r; as, in ice, OE. is; E. hence, OE. hennes; E. rase,
raze; erase, razor; that, G. das; E. reason, F. raison,
L. ratio; E. was, were; chair, chaise (see C, Z, T, and
[1913 Webster]

-s \-s\
1. [OE. es, AS. as.] The suffix used to form the plural of
most words; as in roads, elfs, sides, accounts.
[1913 Webster]

2. [OE. -s, for older -th, AS. -[eth].] The suffix used to
form the third person singular indicative of English
verbs; as in falls, tells, sends.
[1913 Webster]

3. An adverbial suffix; as in towards, needs, always, --
originally the genitive, possesive, ending. See {-'s}.
[1913 Webster]

-'s \-'s\ [OE. -es, AS. -es.] The suffix used to form the
possessive singular of nouns; as, boy's; man's.
[1913 Webster] 's \'s\
A contraction for is or (colloquially) for has. "My heart's
subdued." --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

n 1: 1/60 of a minute; the basic unit of time adopted under the
Systeme International d'Unites [synonym: {second}, {sec}, {s}]
2: an abundant tasteless odorless multivalent nonmetallic
element; best known in yellow crystals; occurs in many
sulphide and sulphate minerals and even in native form
(especially in volcanic regions) [synonym: {sulfur}, {S},
{sulphur}, {atomic number 16}]
3: the cardinal compass point that is at 180 degrees [synonym:
{south}, {due south}, {southward}, {S}]
4: a unit of conductance equal to the reciprocal of an ohm [synonym:
{mho}, {siemens}, {reciprocal ohm}, {S}]
5: the 19th letter of the Roman alphabet [synonym: {S}, {s}]
6: (thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity representing the
amount of energy in a system that is no longer available for
doing mechanical work; "entropy increases as matter and
energy in the universe degrade to an ultimate state of inert
uniformity" [synonym: {randomness}, {entropy}, {S}]

A statistical analysis language from {AT&T}.

["S: An Interactive Environment for Data Analysis and
Graphics", Richard A. Becker, Wadsworth 1984].


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English Dictionary  2005-2009

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