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mass    : [m'æs]
Mass \Mass\, v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Massed}; p. pr. & vb. n.
To celebrate Mass. [Obs.] --Hooker.
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Mass \Mass\, n. [OE. masse, F. masse, L. massa; akin to Gr. ? a
barley cake, fr. ? to knead. Cf. {Macerate}.]
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1. A quantity of matter cohering together so as to make one
body, or an aggregation of particles or things which
collectively make one body or quantity, usually of
considerable size; as, a mass of ore, metal, sand, or
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If it were not for these principles, the bodies of
the earth, planets, comets, sun, and all things in
them, would grow cold and freeze, and become
inactive masses. --Sir I.
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A deep mass of continual sea is slower stirred
To rage. --Savile.
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2. (Phar.) A medicinal substance made into a cohesive,
homogeneous lump, of consistency suitable for making
pills; as, blue mass.
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3. A large quantity; a sum.
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All the mass of gold that comes into Spain. --Sir W.
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He had spent a huge mass of treasure. --Sir J.
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4. Bulk; magnitude; body; size.
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This army of such mass and charge. --Shak.
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5. The principal part; the main body.
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Night closed upon the pursuit, and aided the mass of
the fugitives in their escape. --Jowett
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6. (Physics) The quantity of matter which a body contains,
irrespective of its bulk or volume.
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Note: Mass and weight are often used, in a general way, as
interchangeable terms, since the weight of a body is
proportional to its mass (under the same or equal
gravitative forces), and the mass is usually
ascertained from the weight. Yet the two ideas, mass
and weight, are quite distinct. Mass is the quantity of
matter in a body; weight is the comparative force with
which it tends towards the center of the earth. A mass
of sugar and a mass of lead are assumed to be equal
when they show an equal weight by balancing each other
in the scales.
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{Blue mass}. See under {Blue}.

{Mass center} (Geom.), the center of gravity of a triangle.

{Mass copper}, native copper in a large mass.

{Mass meeting}, a large or general assembly of people,
usually a meeting having some relation to politics.

{The masses}, the great body of the people, as contrasted
with the higher classes; the populace.
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Mass \Mass\ (m[.a]s), n. [OE. masse, messe, AS. maesse. LL.
missa, from L. mittere, missum, to send, dismiss: cf. F.
messe. In the ancient churches, the public services at which
the catechumens were permitted to be present were called
missa catechumenorum, ending with the reading of the Gospel.
Then they were dismissed with these words : "Ite, missa est"
[sc. ecclesia], the congregation is dismissed. After that the
sacrifice proper began. At its close the same words were said
to those who remained. So the word gave the name of Mass to
the sacrifice in the Catholic Church. See {Missile}, and cf.
{Christmas}, {Lammas}, {Mess} a dish, {Missal}.]
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1. (R. C. Ch.) The sacrifice in the sacrament of the
Eucharist, or the consecration and oblation of the host.
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2. (Mus.) The portions of the Mass usually set to music,
considered as a musical composition; -- namely, the Kyrie,
the Gloria, the Credo, the Sanctus, and the Agnus Dei,
besides sometimes an Offertory and the Benedictus.
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{Canon of the Mass}. See {Canon}.

{High Mass}, Mass with incense, music, the assistance of a
deacon, subdeacon, etc.

{Low Mass}, Mass which is said by the priest throughout,
without music.

{Mass bell}, the sanctus bell. See {Sanctus}.

{Mass book}, the missal or Roman Catholic service book.
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Mass \Mass\, v. t.
To form or collect into a mass; to form into a collective
body; to bring together into masses; to assemble.
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But mass them together and they are terrible indeed.
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adj 1: formed of separate units gathered into a mass or whole;
"aggregate expenses include expenses of all divisions
combined for the entire year"; "the aggregated amount of
indebtedness" [synonym: {aggregate}, {aggregated},
{aggregative}, {mass}]
n 1: the property of a body that causes it to have weight in a
gravitational field
2: (often followed by `of') a large number or amount or extent;
"a batch of letters"; "a deal of trouble"; "a lot of money";
"he made a mint on the stock market"; "see the rest of the
winners in our huge passel of photos"; "it must have cost
plenty"; "a slew of journalists"; "a wad of money" [synonym:
{batch}, {deal}, {flock}, {good deal}, {great deal},
{hatful}, {heap}, {lot}, {mass}, {mess}, {mickle}, {mint},
{mountain}, {muckle}, {passel}, {peck}, {pile}, {plenty},
{pot}, {quite a little}, {raft}, {sight}, {slew}, {spate},
{stack}, {tidy sum}, {wad}]
3: an ill-structured collection of similar things (objects or
4: (Roman Catholic Church and Protestant Churches) the
celebration of the Eucharist
5: a body of matter without definite shape; "a huge ice mass"
6: the common people generally; "separate the warriors from the
mass"; "power to the people" [synonym: {multitude}, {masses},
{mass}, {hoi polloi}, {people}, {the great unwashed}]
7: the property of something that is great in magnitude; "it is
cheaper to buy it in bulk"; "he received a mass of
correspondence"; "the volume of exports" [synonym: {bulk},
{mass}, {volume}]
8: a musical setting for a Mass; "they played a Mass composed by
9: a sequence of prayers constituting the Christian Eucharistic
rite; "the priest said Mass"
v 1: join together into a mass or collect or form a mass;
"Crowds were massing outside the palace"

478 Moby Thesaurus words for "mass":
G, G suit, Negro spiritual, a mass of, a world of, abundance,
accouple, accumulate, accumulation, acervation, acres, adhere,
agglomerate, agglomeration, agglutinate, aggregate, aggregation,
aggroup, amass, amassment, amount, amplitude, anthem,
apogeotropism, area, army, articulate, assemblage, assemble,
associate, assortment, backlog, bag, bags, band, bank, barrel,
barrels, batch, best part, better part, bevy, bigness, block,
bodily size, body, bond, bottle, box, bracket, breadth, breccia,
bridge, bridge over, bring together, budget, bulk, bunch,
bunch together, bunch up, bundle, burden, bushel, cake, caliber,
can, canaille, cantata, canticle, carat, cement, centigram, chain,
chorale, chunk, church music, clap together, clasp, cleave, clinch,
cling, cling to, clod, clot, cloud, clump, cluster, clutter,
coagulate, coarseness, cohere, cohue, collect, collection,
colligate, collocate, combine, come together, commissariat,
commissary, compare, compile, comprise, concatenate, concrete,
concreteness, concretion, congeal, congeries, conglobation,
conglobulate, conglomerate, conglomeration, congregate, conjoin,
conjugate, connect, convene, converge, copiousness, copulate, core,
cornucopia, corpulence, corpus, corral, countlessness, couple,
cover, coverage, covey, crate, crowd, crush, cumulate, cumulation,
date, decagram, decigram, deluge, density, depth, diameter, dig up,
dimension, dimensions, distance through, doxology, dram,
dram avoirdupois, draw together, dredge up, dregs, drive together,
dump, durability, dyne, embrace, encompass, enormousness, essence,
expanse, expansion, extension, extent, fatness, fill, firmness,
flight, flock, flock together, flocks, flood, flow together, force,
forgather, freeze to, freight, fuse, galaxy, gang around, gang up,
gather, gather around, gather in, gather together, gathering,
gauge, generality, geotropism, get in, get together, girth, gist,
glomeration, glue, gob, gospel, gospel music, grain, gram, grasp,
gravamen, gravitation, graviton, gravity, great deal, greatness,
grossness, group, grow together, hail, hang on, hang together,
heap, heap up, height, herd together, herds, hill, hive, hoard,
hoi polloi, hold, hold on, hold together, horde, host, huddle, hug,
hundredweight, hunk, hymn, hymn-tune, hymnody, hymnology,
immensity, include, introit, inventory, jam, join, juxtapose, kilo,
kilogram, knot, lade, larder, large amount, largeness,
lay together, league, legion, legions, length, link, load, loads,
loaf, lot, lots, lump, lump together, magnitude, main body,
major part, majority, many, marry, marshal, masses of, massiveness,
match, material, materiality, materials, materiel, matter, measure,
measurement, meat, meet, megaton, merge, mess, mill, milligram,
miscellany, mob, mobilize, mole, more than half, most, motet,
mound, mountain, much, muchness, multitude, munitions, muster,
nest, node, nugget, numbers, numerousness, object, ocean, oceans,
offertory, offertory sentence, oodles, oratorio, ounce,
ounce avoirdupois, ounce troy, pack, pack away, paean, pair,
palpability, panoply, partner, passion, pat, peck, pennyweight,
persist, piece together, pile, pile up, piles, plenitude, plenty,
plurality, pocket, ponderability, pound, pound avoirdupois,
pound troy, poundal, preponderance, preponderancy, press,
profusion, proletariat, proportion, proportions, prosodion,
provisionment, provisions, psalm, psalmody, put together, pyramid,
quantities, quantity, quantum, quite a few, rabble, radius,
ragtag and bobtail, raise, rake up, rally, rally around, range,
rations, reach, recessional, rendezvous, repertoire, repertory,
requiem, requiem mass, rick, riffraff, roll into one, round up,
rout, ruck, sack, sacred music, scads, scale, scope, scores,
scrape together, scruple, scum, sea, seethe, set, ship, shoal,
shock, size, slews, slug, snowball, solder, solid, solid body,
solidify, solidity, soundness, span, spate, specific gravity,
spiritual, splice, spread, stability, stack, staple, stay,
stay put, steadiness, stick, stick together, stock, stock-in-trade,
stockpile, stone, store, stores, stoutness, stow, stream, strength,
sturdiness, substance, substantiality, substantialness, sum,
superabundance, superfluity, supplies, supply on hand, surge,
swarm, swarms, take hold of, take in, take up, tangibility, tape,
the common herd, the greatest number, the masses,
the third dimension, thickness, throng, thrust, tidy sum, tie, ton,
tons, toughness, trash, treasure, treasury, unify, unite,
units of weight, unwashed, volume, wad, weight, weld, whip in,
white spiritual, whole, width, world, worlds, worlds of, yoke

90 Moby Thesaurus words for "Mass":
Agnus Dei, Alleluia, Anamnesis, Blessing, Canon, Collect,
Communion, Consecration, Credo, Dismissal, Dry Mass, Epistle,
Eucharistic rites, Fraction, Gloria, Gospel, Gradual, Introit,
Kyrie, Kyrie Eleison, Lady Mass, Last Gospel, Lavabo, Low Mass,
Missa, Missa bassa, Missa cantata, Missa legata, Missa media,
Missa praesanctificatorum, Missa privata, Missa publica,
Missa sicca, Offertory, Paternoster, Pax, Post-Communion, Preface,
Requiem Mass, Rosary, Rosary Mass, Sanctus, Secreta, Tersanctus,
Tract, bedtime prayer, camp meeting, church, church service,
compline, devotions, dirge, divine service, duty,
evening devotions, evensong, exercises, lauds, liturgy, matins,
meeting, morning devotions, night song, none, nones, novena,
office, praise meeting, prayer, prayer meeting, prayers, prime,
prime song, public worship, requiem, revival, revival meeting,
service, sext, tent meeting, the Divine Liturgy, the Liturgy,
tierce, undersong, vesper, vespers, vigils, watch meeting,
watch night, watch-night service

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English Dictionary  2005-2009

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