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code    : [k'od]
Code \Code\ (k[=o]d), n. [F., fr. L. codex, caudex, the stock or
stem of a tree, a board or tablet of wood smeared over with
wax, on which the ancients originally wrote; hence, a book, a
1. A body of law, sanctioned by legislation, in which the
rules of law to be specifically applied by the courts are
set forth in systematic form; a compilation of laws by
public authority; a digest.
[1913 Webster]

Note: The collection of laws made by the order of Justinian
is sometimes called, by way of eminence, "The Code" .
[1913 Webster]

2. Any system of rules or regulations relating to one
subject; as, the medical code, a system of rules for the
regulation of the professional conduct of physicians.
[1913 Webster]

3. Any set of symbols or combinations of symbols used for
communication in any medium, such as by telegraph or
semaphore. See {Morse code}, and {error-correcting code}.

Note: A system of rules for making communications at sea by
means of signals has been referred to as the

{naval code}.
[1913 Webster]

4. Any set of standards established by the governing
authority of a geopolitical entity restricting the ways
that certain activities may be performed, especially the
manner in which buildings or specific systems within
buildings may be constructed; as, a building code; a
plumbing code; a health code.

5. Any system used for secrecy in communication, in which the
content of a communication is converted, prior to
transmission, into symbols whose meaning is known only to
authorized recipients of the message; such codes are used
to prevent unauthorized persons from learning the content
of the communication. The process of converting a
communication into secret symbols by means of a code is
called {encoding} or {encryption}. However, unauthorized
persons may learn the code by various means, as in

6. An {error-correcting code}. See below.

7. (Computers) The set of instructions for a computer program
written by a programmer, usually in a programming language
such as Fortran, C, Cobol, Java, C, etc.; also, the
executable binary {object code}. All such programs except
for the binary {object code} must be converted by a
compiler program into {object code}, which is the
arrangement of data bits which can be directly interpreted
by a computer.

{Code civil} or {Code Napoleon}, a code enacted in France in
1803 and 1804, embodying the law of rights of persons and
of property generally. --Abbot.

{error-correcting code} (Computers) A set of symbols used to
represent blocks of binary data, in which the original
block of data is represented by a larger block of data
which includes additional bits arranged in such a way that
the original data may be read even if one or more of the
bits of the encoded data is changed, as in a noisy
communicaiton channel. Various codes are available which
can correct different numbers or patterns of errors in the
transmitted data. Such codes are used to achieve higher
accuracy in data transmission, and in data storage devices
such as disk drives and tape drives.

{object code} (Computers) the arrangement of bits stored in
computer memory or a data storage device which, when fed
to the instruction processor of a computer's central
processing unit, can be interpreted directly as
instructions for execution.

{genetic code} (Biochemistry, genetics) The set of
correspondences between sequences of three bases (codons)
in a RNA chain to the amino acid which those three bases
represent in the process of protein synthesis. Thus, the
sequence UUU codes for phenylalanine, and AUG codes for
methionine. There are twenty-one naturally-occurring amino
acids, and sixty-four possible arrangements of three bases
in RNA; thus some of the amino acids are represented by
more than one codon. Several codons do not represent amino
acids, but cause termination of the synthesis of a growing
amnio acid chain.
[1913 Webster PJC]

Note: The genetic code is represented by the following table:
The Genetic Code
UUU Phenylalanine (Phe) AUU Isoleucine (Ile)
UCU Serine (Ser) ACU Threonine (Thr)
UAU Tyrosine (Tyr) AAU Asparagine (Asn)
UGU Cysteine (Cys) AGU Serine (Ser)
UUA Leucine (Leu) AUA Ile
UAA STOP AAA Lysine (Lys)
UGA STOP AGA Arginine (Arg)
UUG Leu AUG Methionine (Met) or START
UGG Tryptophan (Trp) AGG Arg
CUU Leucine (Leu) GUU Valine Val
CCU Proline (Pro) GCU Alanine (Ala)
CAU Histidine (His) GAU Aspartic acid (Asp)
CGU Arginine (Arg) GGU Glycine (Gly)
CUC Leu GUC (Val)
CAA Glutamine (Gln) GAA Glutamic acid (Glu)

Code \Code\ (k[=o]d), v. t.
1. To convert (a text or other information) into a encoded
form by means of a code[5].

2. To write a computer program in a programming language; as,
to code a sorting routine.

Code \Code\ (k[=o]d), v. i. (Biochemistry, genetics)
To serve as the nucleotide sequence directing the synthesis
of a particular amino acid or sequence of amino acids in
protein biosynthesis; as, this sequence of nucleotides
encodes the hemoglobin alpha chain..

n 1: a set of rules or principles or laws (especially written
ones) [synonym: {code}, {codification}]
2: a coding system used for transmitting messages requiring
brevity or secrecy
3: (computer science) the symbolic arrangement of data or
instructions in a computer program or the set of such
instructions [synonym: {code}, {computer code}]
v 1: attach a code to; "Code the pieces with numbers so that you
can identify them later"
2: convert ordinary language into code; "We should encode the
message for security reasons" [synonym: {code}, {encipher},
{cipher}, {cypher}, {encrypt}, {inscribe}, {write in code}]

158 Moby Thesaurus words for "code":
Aesopian language, Babel, Code Napoleon, Greek, Napoleonic code,
Procrustean law, TelAutography, Teletype, Teletype network,
Teletyping, Ten Commandments, Zeitgeist, argot, axiology, babble,
behavioral norm, body of law, business ethics, canon, cant,
capitulary, census, cipher, closed-circuit telegraphy,
code of ethics, code of laws, code of morals, coded message,
codification, commandment, convention, conventions, corpus juris,
criterion, cryptoanalysis, cryptoanalytics, cryptogram,
cryptograph, cryptographer, cryptography, customs, cypher,
decalogue, dictum, digest, digest of law, double Dutch,
duplex telegraphy, electricity, encipher, encode, encrypt, equity,
ethic, ethical system, ethics, ethos, facsimile telegraph, form,
formality, formula, formulary, garble, general principle,
gibberish, gift of tongues, glossolalia, gobbledygook, golden rule,
guideline, guiding principle, imperative, index, interrupter,
inventory, invisible ink, jargon, jumble, jurisprudence, key, law,
law of nature, laws, legal ethics, maxim, medical ethics, mitzvah,
moral, moral climate, moral code, moral principles, morals,
multiplex telegraphy, new morality, news ticker, noise, norm,
norma, normative system, order of nature, ordinance, organization,
orthodoxy, pandect, penal code, practices, prescribed form,
prescription, principium, principle, principles,
professional ethics, protocol, quadruplex telegraphy,
railroad telegraphy, receiver, regulation, regulations, rubric,
rule, scramble, secret language, secret writing, sender, set form,
settled principle, simplex telegraphy, single-current telegraphy,
slang, social ethics, sounder, standard, standards, standing order,
stock ticker, structure, submarine telegraphy, sympathetic ink,
system, table, table of organization, telegraphics, telegraphy,
teleprinter, teletypewriter, teletypewriting, telex, tenet, ticker,
traditions, transmitter, typotelegraph, typotelegraphy,
universal law, value system, wire service, working principle,
working rule

1. Instructions for a computer in some programming
language, often {machine language} (machine code).

The word "code" is often used to distinguish instructions from
{data} (e.g. "The code is marked 'read-only'") whereas the
word "{software}" is used in contrast with "{hardware}" and
may consist of more than just code.


2. Some method of {encryption} or the resulting
encrypted message.


COlor Depth Enhancement (ATI)

code 1. n. The stuff that software
writers write, either in source form or after translation by a compiler or
assembler. Often used in opposition todata”, which is the
stuff that code operates on. Among hackers this is a mass noun, as in
How much code does it take to do a bubble
sort?”, orThe code is loaded at the high end of
RAM.” Among scientific programmers it is sometimes a count noun
equilvalent toprogram”; thus they may speak of
codesin the plural. Anyone referring to software as
the software codesis probably a
newbie or a suit.

CODE, legislation. Signifies in general a collection of laws. It is a name
given by way of eminence to a collection of such laws made by the
legislature. Among the most noted may be mentioned the following:

CODE, OF LOUISIANA. In 1822, Peter Derbigny, Edward Livingston, and Moreau
Lislet, were selected by the legislature to revise and amend the civil code,
and to add to it such laws still in force as were not included therein. They
were authorized to add a system of commercial law, and a code of practice.
The code the prepared having been adopted, was promulgated in 1824, under
the title of the "Civil Code of the State of Louisiana."
2. The code is based on the Code Napoleon, with proper and judicious
modifications, suitable for the state of Louisiana. It is composed of three
books: 1. the first treats of persons; 2. the second of things, and of the
different modifications of property; 3. and the third of the different modes
of acquiring the property of things. It contains 3522 articles, numbered
from the beginning, for the convenience of reference.
3. This code, it is said, contains many inaccurate definitions. The
legislature modified and changed many of the provisions relating to the
positive legislation, but adopted the definitions and abstract doctrines of
the code without material alterations. From this circumstance, as well as
from the inherent difficulty of the subject, the positive provisions of the
code are often at variance with the theoretical part, which was intended to
elucidate them. 13 L. R. 237.
4. This code went into operation on the 20th day of May,. 1825. 11 L.
R. 60. It is in both the French and English languages; and in construing it,
it is a rule that when the expressions used in the French text of the code
are more comprehensive than those used in English, or vice versa, the more
enlarged sense will be taken, as thus full effect will be given to both
clauses. 2 N. S. 582.

CODE, JUSTINIAN, civil law. A collection of the constitutions of the
emperors, from Adrian to Justinian; the greater part of those from Adrian to
Constantine are mere rescripts; those from Constantine to Justinian are
edicts or laws, properly speaking.
2. The code is divided into twelve books, which are subdivided into
titles, in which the constitutions are collected under proper heads. They
are placed in chronological order, but often disjointed. At the head of each
constitution is placed the name of the emperor who is the author, and that
of the person to whom it is addressed. The date is at the end. Several of
these constitutions, which were formerly in the code were lost, it is
supposed by the neglect of "copyists. Some of them have been restored by
modern authors, among whom may be mentioned Charondas, Cugas, and Contius,
who translated them from Greek, versions.

CODE, NAPOLEON. The Code Civil of France, enacted into law during the reign
of Napoleon, bore his name until the restoration of the Bourbons when it was
deprived of that name, and it is now cited Code Civil.

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English Dictionary  2005-2009

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