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bear    : [b'ɛr]
Bear \Bear\ (b[^a]r), v. t. [imp. {Bore} (b[=o]r) (formerly
{Bare} (b[^a]r)); p. p. {Born} (b[^o]rn), {Borne} (b[=o]rn);
p. pr. & vb. n. {Bearing}.] [OE. beren, AS. beran, beoran, to
bear, carry, produce; akin to D. baren to bring forth, G.
geb[aum]ren, Goth. ba['i]ran to bear or carry, Icel. bera,
Sw. b[aum]ra, Dan. b[ae]re, OHG. beran, peran, L. ferre to
bear, carry, produce, Gr. fe`rein, OSlav. brati to take,
carry, OIr. berim I bear, Skr. bh[.r] to bear. [root]92. Cf.
1. To support or sustain; to hold up.
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2. To support and remove or carry; to convey.
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I 'll bear your logs the while. --Shak.
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3. To conduct; to bring; -- said of persons. [Obs.]
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Bear them to my house. --Shak.
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4. To possess and use, as power; to exercise.
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Every man should bear rule in his own house.
--Esther i.
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5. To sustain; to have on (written or inscribed, or as a
mark), as, the tablet bears this inscription.
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6. To possess or carry, as a mark of authority or
distinction; to wear; as, to bear a sword, badge, or name.
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7. To possess mentally; to carry or hold in the mind; to
entertain; to harbor --Dryden.
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The ancient grudge I bear him. --Shak.
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8. To endure; to tolerate; to undergo; to suffer.
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Should such a man, too fond to rule alone,
Bear, like the Turk, no brother near the throne.
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I cannot bear
The murmur of this lake to hear. --Shelley.
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My punishment is greater than I can bear. --Gen. iv.
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9. To gain or win. [Obs.]
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Some think to bear it by speaking a great word.
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She was . . . found not guilty, through bearing of
friends and bribing of the judge. --Latimer.
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10. To sustain, or be answerable for, as blame, expense,
responsibility, etc.
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He shall bear their iniquities. --Is. liii.
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Somewhat that will bear your charges. --Dryden.
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11. To render or give; to bring forward. "Your testimony
bear" --Dryden.
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12. To carry on, or maintain; to have. "The credit of bearing
a part in the conversation." --Locke.
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13. To admit or be capable of; that is, to suffer or sustain
without violence, injury, or change.
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In all criminal cases the most favorable
interpretation should be put on words that they can
possibly bear. --Swift.
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14. To manage, wield, or direct. "Thus must thou thy body
bear." --Shak. Hence: To behave; to conduct.
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Hath he borne himself penitently in prison? --Shak.
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15. To afford; to be to; to supply with.
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His faithful dog shall bear him company. --Pope.
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16. To bring forth or produce; to yield; as, to bear apples;
to bear children; to bear interest.
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Here dwelt the man divine whom Samos bore.
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Note: In the passive form of this verb, the best modern usage
restricts the past participle born to the sense of
brought forth, while borne is used in the other senses
of the word. In the active form, borne alone is used as
the past participle.
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{To bear down}.
(a) To force into a lower place; to carry down; to
depress or sink. "His nose, . . . large as were the
others, bore them down into insignificance."
(b) To overthrow or crush by force; as, to bear down an

{To bear a hand}.
(a) To help; to give assistance.
(b) (Naut.) To make haste; to be quick.

{To bear in hand}, to keep (one) up in expectation, usually
by promises never to be realized; to amuse by false
pretenses; to delude. [Obs.] "How you were borne in hand,
how crossed." --Shak.

{To bear in mind}, to remember.

{To bear off}.
(a) To restrain; to keep from approach.
(b) (Naut.) To remove to a distance; to keep clear from
rubbing against anything; as, to bear off a blow; to
bear off a boat.
(c) To gain; to carry off, as a prize.
(d) (Backgammon) To remove from the backgammon board into
the home when the position of the piece and the dice
provide the proper opportunity; -- the goal of the
game is to bear off all of one's men before the

{To bear one hard}, to owe one a grudge. [Obs.] "C[ae]sar
doth bear me hard." --Shak.

{To bear out}.
(a) To maintain and support to the end; to defend to the
last. "Company only can bear a man out in an ill
thing." --South.
(b) To corroborate; to confirm.

{To bear up}, to support; to keep from falling or sinking.
"Religious hope bears up the mind under sufferings."
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Syn: To uphold; sustain; maintain; support; undergo; suffer;
endure; tolerate; carry; convey; transport; waft.
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Bear \Bear\ (b[^a]r), v. i.
1. To produce, as fruit; to be fruitful, in opposition to
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This age to blossom, and the next to bear. --Dryden.
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2. To suffer, as in carrying a burden.
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But man is born to bear. --Pope.
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3. To endure with patience; to be patient.
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I can not, can not bear. --Dryden.
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4. To press; -- with on or upon, or against.
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These men bear hard on the suspected party.
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5. To take effect; to have influence or force; as, to bring
matters to bear.
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6. To relate or refer; -- with on or upon; as, how does this
bear on the question?
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7. To have a certain meaning, intent, or effect.
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Her sentence bore that she should stand a certain
time upon the platform. --Hawthorne.
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8. To be situated, as to the point of compass, with respect
to something else; as, the land bears N. by E.
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{To bear against}, to approach for attack or seizure; as, a
lion bears against his prey. [Obs.]

{To bear away} (Naut.), to change the course of a ship, and
make her run before the wind.

{To bear back}, to retreat. "Bearing back from the blows of
their sable antagonist." --Sir W. Scott.

{To bear down upon} (Naut.), to approach from the windward
side; as, the fleet bore down upon the enemy.

{To bear in with} (Naut.), to run or tend toward; as, a ship
bears in with the land.

{To bear off} (Naut.), to steer away, as from land.

{To bear up}.
(a) To be supported; to have fortitude; to be firm; not to
sink; as, to bear up under afflictions.
(b) (Naut.) To put the helm up (or to windward) and so put
the ship before the wind; to bear away. --Hamersly.

{To bear upon} (Mil.), to be pointed or situated so as to
affect; to be pointed directly against, or so as to hit
(the object); as, to bring or plant guns so as to bear
upon a fort or a ship; the artillery bore upon the center.

{To bear up to}, to tend or move toward; as, to bear up to
one another.

{To bear with}, to endure; to be indulgent to; to forbear to
resent, oppose, or punish.
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Bear \Bear\ (b[=e]r), n.
A bier. [Obs.] --Spenser.
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Bear \Bear\ (b[^a]r), n. [OE. bere, AS. bera; akin to D. beer,
OHG. bero, pero, G. b[aum]r, Icel. & Sw. bj["o]rn, and
possibly to L. fera wild beast, Gr. fh`r beast, Skr. bhalla
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1. (Zool.) Any species of the genus {Ursus}, and of the
closely allied genera. Bears are plantigrade {Carnivora},
but they live largely on fruit and insects.
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Note: The European brown bear ({Ursus arctos}), the white
polar bear ({Ursus maritimus}), the grizzly bear
({Ursus horribilis}), the American black bear, and its
variety the cinnamon bear ({Ursus Americanus}), the
Syrian bear ({Ursus Syriacus}), and the sloth bear, are
among the notable species.
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2. (Zool.) An animal which has some resemblance to a bear in
form or habits, but no real affinity; as, the woolly bear;
ant bear; water bear; sea bear.
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3. (Astron.) One of two constellations in the northern
hemisphere, called respectively the {Great Bear} and the
{Lesser Bear}, or {Ursa Major} and {Ursa Minor}.
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4. Metaphorically: A brutal, coarse, or morose person.
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5. (Stock Exchange) A person who sells stocks or securities
for future delivery in expectation of a fall in the
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Note: The bears and bulls of the Stock Exchange, whose
interest it is, the one to depress, and the other to
raise, stocks, are said to be so called in allusion to
the bear's habit of pulling down, and the bull's of
tossing up.
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6. (Mach.) A portable punching machine.
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7. (Naut.) A block covered with coarse matting; -- used to
scour the deck.
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{Australian bear}. (Zool.) See {Koala}.

{Bear baiting}, the sport of baiting bears with dogs.

{Bear caterpillar} (Zool.), the hairy larva of a moth, esp.
of the genus {Euprepia}.

{Bear garden}.
(a) A place where bears are kept for diversion or
(b) Any place where riotous conduct is common or
permitted. --M. Arnold.

{Bear leader}, one who leads about a performing bear for
money; hence, a facetious term for one who takes charge of
a young man on his travels.
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Bear \Bear\, v. t. (Stock Exchange)
To endeavor to depress the price of, or prices in; as, to
bear a railroad stock; to bear the market.
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Bear \Bear\, Bere \Bere\ (b[=e]r), n. [AS. bere. See {Barley}.]
Barley; the six-rowed barley or the four-rowed barley,
commonly the former ({Hordeum hexastichon} or {Hordeum
vulgare}). [Obs. except in North of Eng. and Scot.]
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n 1: massive plantigrade carnivorous or omnivorous mammals with
long shaggy coats and strong claws
2: an investor with a pessimistic market outlook; an investor
who expects prices to fall and so sells now in order to buy
later at a lower price [ant: {bull}]
v 1: have; "bear a resemblance"; "bear a signature"
2: cause to be born; "My wife had twins yesterday!" [synonym: {give
birth}, {deliver}, {bear}, {birth}, {have}]
3: put up with something or somebody unpleasant; "I cannot bear
his constant criticism"; "The new secretary had to endure a
lot of unprofessional remarks"; "he learned to tolerate the
heat"; "She stuck out two years in a miserable marriage"
[synonym: {digest}, {endure}, {stick out}, {stomach}, {bear},
{stand}, {tolerate}, {support}, {brook}, {abide}, {suffer},
{put up}]
4: move while holding up or supporting; "Bear gifts"; "bear a
heavy load"; "bear news"; "bearing orders"
5: bring forth, "The apple tree bore delicious apples this
year"; "The unidentified plant bore gorgeous flowers" [synonym:
{bear}, {turn out}]
6: take on as one's own the expenses or debts of another person;
"I'll accept the charges"; "She agreed to bear the
responsibility" [synonym: {bear}, {take over}, {accept},
7: contain or hold; have within; "The jar carries wine"; "The
canteen holds fresh water"; "This can contains water" [synonym:
{hold}, {bear}, {carry}, {contain}]
8: bring in; "interest-bearing accounts"; "How much does this
savings certificate pay annually?" [synonym: {yield}, {pay},
9: have on one's person; "He wore a red ribbon"; "bear a scar"
[synonym: {wear}, {bear}]
10: behave in a certain manner; "She carried herself well"; "he
bore himself with dignity"; "They conducted themselves well
during these difficult times" [synonym: {behave}, {acquit},
{bear}, {deport}, {conduct}, {comport}, {carry}]
11: have rightfully; of rights, titles, and offices; "She bears
the title of Duchess"; "He held the governorship for almost
a decade" [synonym: {bear}, {hold}]
12: support or hold in a certain manner; "She holds her head
high"; "He carried himself upright" [synonym: {hold}, {carry},
13: be pregnant with; "She is bearing his child"; "The are
expecting another child in January"; "I am carrying his
child" [synonym: {have a bun in the oven}, {bear}, {carry},
{gestate}, {expect}]

409 Moby Thesaurus words for "bear":
Cape polecat, Tartar, abide, abide with, acquiesce, acquit, act,
admit of, affect, afflict, afford, afford support, aim, allow,
answer, ape, appertain, apply, assault, attend, author, avail,
back, back up, bar, be confined, be equal to, be worthy of,
bear a child, bear account, bear fruit, bear on, bear out,
bear the market, bear up, bear upon, bear with, bear young, beget,
bide, birth, blink at, bolster, bolster up, boost, bosom, bow,
brace, brave, breed, bring, bring about, bring forth,
bring to birth, bring to effect, bring to pass, brook, buck, bull,
bull the market, bulldoze, bump, bump against, bunt, buoy up, butt,
butt against, buttress, calve, carry, cast, cause, cavy, chaperon,
cheer, cherish, chimp, chimpanzee, cling to, clip, companion,
comport, conceive, concern, condone, conduct, confirm, connive at,
consort with, convey, convoy, coon, correspond, corroborate,
countenance, cradle, cram, crank, create, crosspatch, crowd, crush,
crutch, cushion, defer, deliver, demean, deport, develop, dig,
digest, display, dispose, do, do it, dragon, drive, drop, effect,
effectuate, elbow, embosom, embrace, encourage, endure, engender,
entertain, escort, establish, exhibit, experience, fabricate,
farrow, fashion, father, fawn, feist, ferret, ferry, fill the bill,
finance, fire-eater, fly, foal, fondle, force, form, foster,
foumart, found, freight, fructify, fruit, fulfill, fund, furnish,
fury, generate, gestate, get by, give birth, give birth to,
give occasion to, give origin to, give rise to, give support,
glutton, go, go around, go on, goad, grizzly bear, grouch,
groundhog, guinea pig, hack it, hang in, hang in there, hang tough,
harbor, have, have a baby, have and hold, have young, head,
hear of, hedgehog, hold, hold a heading, hold on to, hold out,
hold up, hothead, hotspur, hug, hump, hurtle, hustle, inaugurate,
incline, indulge, influence, institute, invent, invite, involve,
jab, jam, jog, joggle, jolt, jostle, just do, keep, keep afloat,
keep up, kitten, labor, lamb, lead, lend support, lie in, lift,
light out, litter, lug, lump, lump it, mainstay, maintain, make,
make allowances for, make do, make the grade, manhandle,
manipulate the market, meet, meet requirements, merit, monk,
monkey, mother, mousehound, move, multiply, nudge, nurse, nurture,
occasion, opossum, originate, overlook, pack, parallel, pass,
pass muster, peg the market, permit, persevere, pertain,
pile drive, pillow, point, poke, polecat, porcupine, possess,
possum, prairie dog, press, procreate, prod, produce, prop,
prop up, propagate, provoke, punch, pup, push, put up with,
qualify, quill pig, quit, raccoon, raid the market, ram, ram down,
rattle, reach, realize, refer, reinforce, relate, reproduce,
rig the market, run, run against, satisfy, serve,
serve the purpose, set, set afloat, set on foot, set out, set up,
shake, shape, shore, shore up, short, short account,
short interest, short seller, short side, shorts, shoulder, shove,
show, sire, skunk, sorehead, spare, spare the price, spawn, squab,
squash, squeeze, squish, stand, stand for, stand up, stand up to,
stay, steer, stick, stick out, still, stomach, stress, stretch,
strike out, submit, subsidize, substantiate, subvention,
subventionize, suffer, suffice, support, survive, sustain, swallow,
sweat out, take, take it, take off, take up with, tamp, tend,
tend to go, throw, thrust, tie in with, tolerate, torment, torture,
tote, touch, touch on, touch upon, transport, travail, treasure,
treasure up, trend, try, turn, turn out, ugly customer, underbrace,
undergird, undergo, underlie, underpin, underset, upbear, uphold,
upkeep, verge, waft, warrant, wash sales, weasel, well afford,
whelp, whipsaw, whisk, whistle-pig, wing, wink at, wish, withstand,
wolverine, woodchuck, work, yean, yield, zoril

a native of the mountain regions of Western Asia, frequently
mentioned in Scripture. David defended his flocks against the
attacks of a bear (1 Sam. 17:34-37). Bears came out of the wood
and destroyed the children who mocked the prophet Elisha (2
Kings 2:24). Their habits are referred to in Isa. 59:11; Prov.
28:15; Lam. 3:10. The fury of the female bear when robbed of her
young is spoken of (2 Sam. 17:8; Prov. 17:12; Hos. 13:8). In
Daniel's vision of the four great monarchies, the Medo-Persian
empire is represented by a bear (7:5).

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English Dictionary  2005-2009

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