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it    : ['ɪt] [ɪt]
It \It\ ([i^]t), pron. [OE. it, hit, AS. hit; cf. D. het.
[root]181. See {He}.]
The neuter pronoun of the third person, corresponding to the
masculine pronoun he and the feminine she, and having the
same plural (they, their or theirs, them).
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Note: The possessive form its is modern, being rarely found
in the writings of Shakespeare and Milton, and not at
all in the original King James's version of the Bible.
During the transition from the regular his to the
anomalous its, it was to some extent employed in the
possessive without the case ending. See {His}, and
{He}. In Dryden's time its had become quite established
as the regular form.
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The day present hath ever inough to do with it
owne grief. --Genevan
Test.
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Do, child, go to it grandam, child. --Shak.
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It knighthood shall do worse. It shall fright all
it friends with borrowing letters. --B. Jonson.
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Note: In the course of time, the nature of the neuter sign t
in it, the form being found in but a few words, became
misunderstood. Instead of being looked upon as an
affix, it passed for part of the original word. Hence
was formed from it the anomalous genitive its,
superseding the Saxon his. --Latham.
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The fruit tree yielding fruit after his (its)
kind. --Gen. i. 11.

Usage: It is used,

1. As a substance for any noun of the neuter gender; as, here
is the book, take it home.
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2. As a demonstrative, especially at the beginning of a
sentence, pointing to that which is about to be stated,
named, or mentioned, or referring to that which apparent
or well known; as, I saw it was John.
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It is I; be not afraid. --Matt. xiv.
27.
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Peter heard that it was the Lord. --John xxi. 7.
Often, in such cases, as a substitute for a sentence or
clause; as, it is thought he will come; it is wrong to do
this.
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3. As an indefinite nominative for a impersonal verb; as, it
snows; it rains.
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4. As a substitute for such general terms as, the state of
affairs, the condition of things, and the like; as, how is
it with the sick man?
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Think on me when it shall be well with thee. --Gen.
xl. 14.
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5. As an indefinite object after some intransitive verbs, or
after a substantive used humorously as a verb; as, to foot
it (i. e., to walk).
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The Lacedemonians, at the Straits of Thermopyl[ae],
when their arms failed them, fought it out with
nails and teeth. --Dryden.
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Whether the charmer sinner it, or saint it,
If folly grows romantic, I must paint it. --Pope.
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{Its self}. See {Itself}.
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Personal \Per"son*al\ (p[~e]r"s[u^]n*al), a. [L. personalis: cf.
F. personnel.]
1. Pertaining to human beings as distinct from things.
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Every man so termed by way of personal difference.
--Hooker.
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2. Of or pertaining to a particular person; relating to, or
affecting, an individual, or each of many individuals;
peculiar or proper to private concerns; not public or
general; as, personal comfort; personal desire.
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The words are conditional, -- If thou doest well, --
and so personal to Cain. --Locke.
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3. Pertaining to the external or bodily appearance;
corporeal; as, personal charms. --Addison.
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4. Done in person; without the intervention of another.
"Personal communication." --Fabyan.
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The immediate and personal speaking of God. --White.
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5. Relating to an individual, his character, conduct,
motives, or private affairs, in an invidious and offensive
manner; as, personal reflections or remarks.
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6. (Gram.) Denoting person; as, a personal pronoun.
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{Personal action} (Law), a suit or action by which a man
claims a debt or personal duty, or damages in lieu of it;
or wherein he claims satisfaction in damages for an injury
to his person or property, or the specific recovery of
goods or chattels; -- opposed to real action.

{Personal equation}. (Astron.) See under {Equation}.

{Personal estate} or {Personal property} (Law), movables;
chattels; -- opposed to {real estate} or {real property}.
It usually consists of things temporary and movable,
including all subjects of property not of a freehold
nature.

{Personal identity} (Metaph.), the persistent and continuous
unity of the individual person, which is attested by
consciousness.

{Personal pronoun} (Gram.), one of the pronouns {I}, {thou},
{he}, {she}, {it}, and their plurals.

{Personal representatives} (Law), the executors or
administrators of a person deceased.

{Personal rights}, rights appertaining to the person; as, the
rights of a personal security, personal liberty, and
private property.

{Personal tithes}. See under {Tithe}.

{Personal verb} (Gram.), a verb which is modified or
inflected to correspond with the three persons.
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IT
n 1: the branch of engineering that deals with the use of
computers and telecommunications to retrieve and store and
transmit information [synonym: {information technology}, {IT}]



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English Dictionary  2005-2009

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